22 aci marine hrvatska slika


The boat berth berth is a designated place in the harbor or marina used to moor the vessel. Boat berths provide a vertical front side that provides safe and secure berth, which then facilitates unloading or loading of cargo or people from the vessel.
Boat berth is the term used in ports and marinas for a specific place where the vessel can be tied, usually for loading and unloading or for loading and unloading of passengers. Bindings are appointed by the facility manager (eg, Port Authority, port captain, marine management). These authorities allocate berthing places to berths.
Most berths are located at the dock or in the harbor, marina or floating dock in the case of small harbors and small marinas. Berths are general or specific to the types of vessels that use them. The size of berths varies from 5 to 40 m for private vessels in the marina to berths in ports that can accommodate lengths of over 400 m. The rule is that the length of berths in marinas should be approximately 10% longer than the longest boat you can take.

Type of berth by construction

Below is a list of types of bindings that are based on the construction method:

Solid construction
In these berth types, a solid vertical structure is formed containing the filling material to provide the required weighing weight. They can be constructed by means of a gravitational wall, where the front wall of the structure uses its own weight and friction to contain the fill or the structure of the slab, using anchoring plates that easily retain the filling which ensures the bonding weight.

Open berths
Open berths have structures supported by natural rocks descending from the shore. This berthing style can offer greater flexibility in the specificity of the construction, but also limits the amount of weight the boat can support.

Types of bonds by forms

Finger Docks
They are used to maximize berths per line length. They are often used for small and medium vessels associated with passenger transportation. Finger docks can also be used for dangerous cargos such as military ammunition that can not be anchored at berths for ships due to weight and equipment. In such cases, the docks allow far reaching land that has access to the railways or other modes of moving the cargo from the land to sea.

Offshore Berth
Used when handling load / storage can be dangerous. They are often placed on the mainland by the port. Usually used for oil and gas storage ported by tankers. Offshore berths contain self-contained structures called dolphins that have fenders and cranes adapted to the geometry of the vessel that is in need for the berth.

Type of connection according to cargo

Berth for massive cargo carrying vessels
Used for handling either dry or running cargo. Vessels are connected by berth to storage space with excavators, conveyor belts and / or pipelines. Storage spaces for such loads are often close to connections - eg warehouses or silos.

Container berth
It is used for processing standard intermodal tanks. The boats are fastened and unloaded by container cranes that are specifically designed for this task. These berths will contain large land areas for container handling close to the berth and will also have significant equipment at the dock to facilitate the rapid movement of containers on and off the vessel. In addition, there is a large flat surface for storage and imported and exported containers.

General berth
Used for processing small cargoes of light weight. Vessels that use them usually have their own lifting equipment, but some ports will provide mobile cranes. They can often be found in transit ports designed to accept commercial cargo.

A common berth
The berth for the vessels in idle status. Vessels that are placed on the hook can be used as interlocks between operational use and waiting in dry berth. These berths will have very few on-land equipment except what's needed to secure the vessel.

Resting berth
General berth for short-term waiting boats while free berth is available. These berths may contain basic necessities such as fuel, equipment, and utilities for crew and maintenance until a free berthing place is found.

Liquid cargo berth
Used for handling oil and gas products. Berths are set off from other berths to ensure the work area from the rest of the port operations. The boats are fixed over the carriers that contain pipelines. The cargo is transported back to the coast through pipelines, which are usually below ground or sea. Product containers are usually located off the harbor.

Boat berths in marinas
They are used to enable berthing to owners who sail for pleasure. Pontoons or bridges offer access to land in tidal areas. Boat berths in marinas are often built with modular possibilities for adjusting the size of the berths for different shapes and sizes of recreational vessels. In marinas there are often specialized marine-lifting equipment. It allows, in the case of weather conditions, vessels to avoid the negative effects of waves on the hull of the vessel.

X Berths
X berths are suitable for nuclear warships. Nearby are often the operational bases of a shipyard or building with partition yard. All X-berths have the Safety Division's Permanent Department of Medicine, the Organization for Monitoring and Emergency Assistance, and the evacuation security plan prepared by the Local Command and the Harbor Captain.